不二 – Chinese philosophy and culture

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bù’èr 不二

Advaya / Non-duality

离两边。指超越一切分别,对一切现象都平等如一。凡夫通常以二分的模式理解世间现象,说常、无常,得、无得。佛教认为,二分法构建出一幅虚妄分别的世界图景,并不能如实反映世界的真实情况。而任何建立在言语概念基础上的认识,都无法避免这种分别。因此要离开两边,摆脱名言的误导,从而远离凡夫的分别,到达平等如一的空性智慧。

The concept of advaya instructs one to avoid the two extremes, to transcend all distinctions, and to treat all phenomena equally. A common man often understands the world in dichotomy, creating a number of opposites such as permanence versus impermanence and possession versus dispossession. Buddhists believe that dichotomy paints the picture of a world full of fantasies and distinctions, failing to truthfully reflect the reality. Such fantasies and distinctions are automatic in any understanding based on verbal concepts. Therefore, one shall avoid the two extremes and the misleading of worldly names and words. In this way can one transcend the distinctions perceived by a common man and achieve the ultimate wisdom of equality and emptiness.

引例 Citation:

◎于一切法无言无说,无示无识,离诸问答,是为入不二法门。(《维摩诘所说经·入不二法门品》)

(对于所有事物无所言说,无所指示,也无所认识,远离各种问答判断,才可谓进入不二的境界。)

If one has no word about, comment on, reference to, or even knowledge of anything and stays away from questions, answers, or judgment concerning anything, one can arrive at the state of advaya through the dharma gate. (The Teaching of Vimalakīrti)

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