Exaggeration and Embellishment
The term refers to the use of exaggeration and embellishment in a literary work to enhance its artistic appeal. When used as appropriate, exaggeration and embellishment can achieve an artistic effect beyond that of realistic descriptions. However, if overused, it will create the opposite effect, making the writing too flowery to be credible. Therefore, the literary critics of old China believed that excessive use of exaggeration and embellishment should be avoided.
Therefore, ever since the beginning of heaven and earth, there have been sounds and outward forms. So long as words are used to describe them, exaggeration and embellishment will always be employed. (Liu Xie: The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragons)
When exaggeration is used in a restrained way and embellishment is employed without pretensions, a literary work thus created can be considered an excellent one. (Liu Xie: The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragons)