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HomeTang Poetry and Chinese Calligraphy费新我 行书:王维《杂诗三首》(其三)

费新我 行书:王维《杂诗三首》(其三)

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费新我 行书:王维《杂诗三首》(其三)


【释文】已见寒梅发,复闻啼鸟声。心心视春草,畏向玉阶生。

【款识】王维诗,汝元同志属。辛酉秋,新我左笔。

【简析】

  写思妇给丈夫回信中的话。

  三首诗之间有一定的意蕴联系。它们都用口头语,写出一种缠绵深婉之情,或直抒胸臆,或托物寄怀,都不事雕琢。正如宋人刘辰翁《王孟诗评》说:“三首皆淡中含情。”

  以时序的递进、物候的变化,加深主人公的情感。“已见寒梅发”一句是对上一首询问寒梅着花的呼应。此句是女主人公失望的深深怨情。因为光景蹉跎,不能如期践约,此时在女主人公眼中,寒梅花发已由希望之光变为幻灭之色。不仅如此。便是这象征青春、爱情的春天,欣欣向荣的春天,也发生了质的变化。梅花开了,早春已过。百鸟叫了,仲春也已飞逝。现在是莺飞草长的暮春了。随着节序的推移,女主人公的心绪也由百无聊赖到终日惆怅,以至看花落泪、见月伤心了。以前,她觉得,时间过去一天,距离自己美好愿望的实现就近一日。现在完全是逆反心理:时间愈是过得快,幻灭就愈彻底,犹如滔滔日下的江河,无可如何。此时,鸟鸣,春草都变作主人公情感的对立物。诗人说女主人公是以一颗充满忧愁的心“视春草”,她看到愈来愈茂盛的春草眼看就要连到阶前,禁不住惶恐起来了。

【Simple Translation】

  The poem is about the words of a thinking woman who writes back to her husband.

  The three poems have a certain meaningful connection with each other. They all use verbal language to write a kind of lingering and deep emotion, either expressing the heart directly or sending a message to something, without any elaboration. As the Song dynasty’s Liu Chen-weng said in his “Commentary on the Poems of Wang Meng”, “All three poems contain emotions in the lightness.”

  The progression of time and weather deepens the emotion of the main character. The line “I have seen the cold plum blossom” echoes the previous poem’s question about the blossoming of the cold plum. This line is the heroine’s disappointment and deep resentment. Because of the wasted time, she cannot fulfill her promise as expected. At this time, in the heroine’s eyes, the cold plum blossoms have changed from the light of hope to the color of disillusionment. Not only that. It is the symbol of youth, love, spring, thriving spring, has also undergone a qualitative change. Plum blossoms, early spring has passed. The birds are chirping, and the middle of spring has flown away. Now it is the twilight spring when the grass grows. As the season progresses, the heroine’s mood changes from boredom to melancholy all day long, so much so that she sees flowers and tears and is sad to see the moon. In the past, she felt that one day passed, one day closer to the realization of her good wishes. Now it is completely the opposite mentality: the faster time passes, the more complete the disillusionment, like a river under the sun, there is no way. At this point, birdsong and spring grass become the antagonists of the hero’s emotions. The poet says that the heroine is “looking at the spring grass” with a heart full of sorrow, and she can’t help but be frightened when she sees that the spring grass is getting more and more luxuriant and is about to reach the front of the stairs.

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