野无遗贤 – Chinese philosophy and culture

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yě wú yí xián 野无遗贤

No Sagacious Person Ignored

民间没有遗漏不用的贤人,但凡德才兼备的人都能为国所用。这是古人“尚贤”理念的具体体现。中国自古注重任人唯贤,人尽其才,认为这是实现国家良好治理状态的重要保障。察举制、科举制等中国古代各种人才“选举”制度,都是基于这种理念而建立的。“野无遗贤”也被认为是国家良好治理状态的标志之一。

When no sagacious person was ignored, all men with virtue and talent were employed by the government. This is a demonstration of the ancient concept of “holding man of sagacity in high esteem.” Since ancient times, China has emphasized that people should be appointed to official positions in accordance with their virtue, and each person should perform his or her role to the fullest. This was believed to guarantee the sound governance of the state. All systems for selecting people for official posts in ancient China, including selection by recommendations or by imperial examinations, were established on the basis of this conception. The principle of “no sagacious person is ignored” was regarded as one of the symbols of good governance of a country.

引例 Citations:

◎野无遗贤,万邦咸宁。(《尚书·大禹谟》)

(民间没有被遗漏的人才,各邦国都太平无事。)

No sagacious person is ignored by government. All states stay in peace. (The Book of History)

yè luò guī gēn 叶落归根

Leaves Fall Returning to the Roots.

树叶凋落,回到树根周围。比喻事物总有一定的归宿,多指久居异乡的人终究会返回故里。和“安土重迁”一样,它包含着中国人自古普遍具有的一种思乡观念和情感。虽不免消极或保守,但也体现了人们热爱故土、思念亲人的纯良品格和家国情怀,是文化认同的原点之一。

Leaves wither and fall on the ground by the tree roots. This metaphor implies that all creatures have an old home to return to even after a long sojourn in distant parts. It expresses nostalgia for one’s native place that has been common among Chinese people since ancient times. Although such feelings are inevitably conservative, they embody people’s good and honest love for their native soil and next of kin, and their feelings for the nation. It is a mainspring of their identification with their culture.

引例 Citations:

◎云闲望出岫,叶落喜归根。(陆游《寓叹》)

(远望白云悠闲地从群山浮现,树叶飘落都喜欢回归树根。)

Clouds float leisurely over the peaks; / leaves fall happily seeking the roots. (Lu You: A Sigh at Home)

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