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Du Gongbu Sets 杜工部集 – Top 100 Books in China

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The peak of realism in Chinese classical poetry in China

Overview

Chinese Name: 杜工部集

English Name: Du Gongbu Sets

AuthorDu Fu 杜甫

Originally Published: Between 712 and 770 AD (Tang Dynasty 唐朝)

Genre: Literature, Poetry

Brief Introduction of Du Gongbu Sets

Du Gongbu Sets is a collection of poems written by Du Fu in the Tang Dynasty 唐朝. This collection is called the name because Du Fu used to work as a member of Gongbu 工部员. It is the peak of realism in Chinese classical poetry. This collection of poems includes more than 1,400 poems and 30 essays. It occupies an important position in the history of Chinese literature as well as the world literature.

There is a patriotic thread running through the work. From the point of view of content, it mainly includes: concerned about politics, such as praising the prosperity of Tang Dynasty, mercilessly criticizing and exposing the luxurious life of Tang Dynasty rulers, giving answers to friends, remembering people and caring about people’s living conditions, such as the famous poems “San Li 三吏” and “San Bie 三别”.

The biggest characteristic of this collection of poems is that it pays great attention to reflect the real social life and excavates the essence of social life.

Du Gongbu Sets 杜工部集 (“三吏”中的一个场景)
The sufferings of war on the common people — a picture from “San Li” 战争给百姓带来的痛苦——三吏中的一幅图

Du Fu’s poems often selected representative fates and social events, processed and refined, and then vividly reproduced, so that people could understand the social situation at that time or express their own thoughts and feelings.

Du Gongbu Sets 杜工部集(杜工部集第一卷)
The contents of the first volume of the Du Gongbu Sets 杜工部集第一卷的内容

Author of Du Gongbu Sets

Du Gongbu Sets was written by Du Fu.

Du Fu (712-770 AD) was a native of Gongyi 巩义, Henan Province 河南省, originally from Xiangyang 襄阳. He was a great realist poet of the Tang Dynasty, known collectively as “Li Du 李杜” with Li Bai 李白. He was honored as the “Poet Saint 诗圣”.

Du Fu 杜甫
Du Fu 杜甫

When Du Fu was young, he lived a relatively stable and affluent life, and he had the opportunity to be influenced by various cultures and arts, which had a great influence on his later poetry creation. He also had visited many places, and Du Fu was full of pride and passion in his youth.

He witnessed the extravagance and social crisis in the upper society of the Tang Dynasty. After the outbreak of An Shi Rebellion 安史之乱, Du Fu moved to many places. In 759, he abandoned his official position and went to Sichuan Province 四川省. Du Fu’s official life was not smooth and his later years were difficult, but he still cared about the country and the people. Du Fu died of illness at the age of fifty-nine.

Du Fu’s fame spread far and wide, and he exerted a profound influence on both Chinese and Japanese literature.

Excerpts From Du Gongbu Sets

国破山河在,城春草木深。

THE COUNTRY HAD FALLEN,AND ONLY THE MOUNTAINS AND RIVERS REMAINED REMAINED AS THEY HAD BEEN.IN SPRING THE URBAN AREAS WERE OVERGROWN WITH GRASS.

无边落木萧萧下,不尽长江滚滚来。

FALLEN LEAVES FALL ONE AFTER ANOTHER,BOUNDLESS;THE CHANG JIANG RIVER IS SURGING.

安得广厦千万间,大庇天下寒士俱欢颜,风雨不动安如山!

HOW CAN WE BUILD THOUSANDS OF HOUSES TO SHELTER THE POOR SCHOLARS FROM THE WIND AND RAIN,SO THAT THEY CAN LIVE HAPPILY INSIDE,AND THEY CAN BE AS CALM AS A MOUNTAIN DESPITE THE WIND AND RAIN OUTSIDE.

Evaluation of Du Gongbu Sets

Du Gongbu has great influence on later generations, and its achievements in literature are extremely high.

 

Han Yu 韩愈

Du Gongbu Sets wrote all the social conditions at that time, conveyed the poet’s noble feelings of concern for his country and people.

Guo Moruo 郭沫若

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