Philosophical classics based on Taoism
Chinese Name: 淮南子
English Name: Huai Nan Zi
Other Names: Huai Nan Honglie淮南鸿烈, Liu An Zi刘安子
Author: Liu An刘安 (King of Huai Nan淮南王)
Originally Published: the Western Han Dynasty西汉时期
Brief Introduction of Huai Nan Zi
According to legend, Huai Nan Zi was written by Liu An, King of Huai Nan, the royal family of the Western Han Dynasty, so it got its name. This book, which inherited the spirit of Taoism in the pre-Qin period, integrated the essence of all classes of authors, and played an irreplaceable role in studying the culture of Qin and Han Dynasties.
On the basis of inheriting the pre-Qin Taoism, Huainanzi combines Yin and Yang, ink, law and some Confucianism, but the main purpose belongs to Taoism.
The author believes that this book includes broad and bright general principles like Tao.
The original book of Huainanzi has 21 volumes of inner chapters, 8 volumes of middle chapters and 33 volumes of outer chapters. Only the inner chapters survive. Most of the published versions are published after deleting the inner chapters.
When expounding the philosophy of Huainanzi, it involves strange things, ghosts, gods and ghosts, and preserves some mythological materials, such as ancient myths such as “Nu Wa mending the sky女娲补天”, “Hou Yi shooting the sun后羿射日”, “Chang’e running to the moon嫦娥奔月” and “Sai Weng losing his horse塞翁失马”, which are mainly spread by this book.
Author of Huai Nan Zi
Liu An (179-122 BC) was born in Shouchun County, Huainan (now Shouxian County, Huainan City, Anhui Province). He was a writer and thinker in the Western Han Dynasty and the grandson of Liu Bang. Liu An was crowned king of Huainan in 164 BC.
Liu An likes reading, playing drums and harps. He is good at debating and speaking. He doesn’t like playing and hunting. He pays great attention to comforting the people and is famous all over the world. It has attracted thousands of guests and alchemists, Later, he committed suicide because of the rebellion.
Liu An left a valuable spiritual wealth for future generations — Huainanzi, a masterpiece praised by modern scholar Liang Qichao as “the first-class works of Han people”.
Liu An is said to be the founder of Chinese tofu and soybean milk.
Excerpts of Huai Nan Zi
Evaluation of Huai Nan Zi
His books are broad and coherent, and are the first-class works of the Han nationality.
Taoism is the great achievement of ancient thought, and Huainanzi is the great achievement of Taoism.