Swallows Leaving Pavilion
So picturesque the land by riverside,
In autumn tints the scenery is purified.
Without a break green waves merge into azure sky,
The sunbeams after rain take chilly dye.
Bamboo fence dimly seen amid the reeds
And thatch-roofed cottages overgrown with weeds.
Among white clouds are lost white sails,
And where smoke coils up slow,
There wineshop streamers hang low.
How many of the fisherman’s and woodman’s tales
Are told about the Six Dynasties’ fall and rise!
Saddened, I lean upon the tower’s rails,
Mutely the sun turns cold and sinks in western skies.
The poet reflects on the rise and fall of the Six Dynasties (221—280; 317—389) .
The first two lines describe the panoramic view and the second two lines are about the human landscape. The first two lines describe the panoramic view of the landscape around Jinling, and the second two lines describe the humanistic landscape, laying the groundwork for the following emotion; the next piece goes on in a single breath, shifting from pure description of scenery to description of scenery with human activities, expressing nostalgic sentiment. The whole lyric expresses emotions through scenery, blending scenes and situations, with a cold and grim style, a somber tone and a boldness inside, which is a transitional work in the period of transformation of Song lyrics from ebullient to bold.