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Flowers have a long history and rich cultural significance in China, and China has a vast range of native and cultivated flowers across different regions. Flowers play an important role in Chinese art like painting, poetry, embroidery, etc. Many famous Chinese landscape paintings and poems feature flowers. Flowers are also commonly depicted in Chinese silk embroidery and fabrics. This article will introduce to the typical and beautiful flowers in China.

A great number of flowers have been showing up throughout the Chinese history.

Here are some of the most famous and important flowers of China:

• Plum Blossom(梅花): The plum blossom is a symbol of perseverance and resilience in the face of difficulties. It blooms in early spring, with five delicate pink petals. Plum blossom is admired for its fragrance and ability to blossom in cold weather. It has been celebrated in many Chinese poems and paintings.

• Lotus(莲花): The lotus is an important flower in Chinese culture. It signifies purity, nobility and divine beauty. The lotus blooms from the mud, emerging unstained, thus symbolizing purity and spiritual awakening. Lotus flowers are commonly found in Chinese gardens and ponds.

• Chrysanthemum(菊花): The chrysanthemum flower signifies longevity and rejuvenation. It blooms in the fall, with numerous petals in shades of red, yellow and white. Chrysanthemum flower is prized for its simple and elegant beauty. Drinking chrysanthemum tea is popular in China as it is believed to have medicinal benefits, such as clearing heat and detoxification.

• Peony(牡丹): The peony is known as the “king of flowers” in China. It symbolizes wealth, nobility and honor. The peony blooms from spring to summer, producing large flowers in shades of pink, red and white with a lush floral scent. Peonies are highly decorative and popular in Chinese gardens, paintings and embroideries.

• Azalea(映山红): Azaleas are woody shrubs that produce an abundance of flowers in spring. The azalea is a symbol of womanhood and temperance. Azalea flowers come in white, pink, red and orange, decorating the mountains and valleys of China in full bloom. Azaleas are admired for their vibrant and colorful flowers that last for weeks.

• Orchid(兰花): Orchids are cultivated throughout China and are considered symbols of nobility, elegance and beauty. Orchids produce unique and delicate flowers that come in a variety of shapes, sizes and colors. The orchid is praised in Chinese art and photography. They are also popular as gifts for loved ones.

In China, Flowers are admired for their beauty as well as symbolic meanings in China. Different flowers represent virtues like purity, nobility, longevity, etc. The plum blossom symbolizes perseverance, the lotus signifies purity, and the chrysanthemum means longevity.

The appealing and beautiful Flowers are essential ornamental plants in Chinese gardens. Plum blossoms, lotuses, peonies, azaleas and orchids are often planted in private and public gardens. They create an poetic atmosphere and alluring fragrance. They have medicinal and herbal uses in traditional Chinese medicine as well. Flowers like chrysanthemum, lotus and hibiscus can be made into floral teas that provide health benefits. Some flowers are also used in Chinese medicines and remedies.

Different flowers bloom during spring, summer and fall, representing the changing seasons. Plum blossoms and azaleas bloom in spring, lotuses and peonies in summer, and chrysanthemums in fall. Flower appreciation is a popular seasonal activity, and many flowers native to China have cultural and economic importance, such as peonies, azaleas, lotuses, primroses, etc. Some varieties of peonies and azaleas originally from China have been introduced to Western gardens. Lotus and water lilies are commonly grown in ponds.

The beauty of flowers in China is a reflection of the richness in Chinese culture and biodiversity. No matter where you go in China, the delicate fragrance and breathtaking beauty of flowers will always enchant you. Flowers convey the very essence of oriental aesthetics in China. When you are travelling in China, don’t forget to take a look at the various beautiful flowers everywhere to be found, which surely will be a unforgettable experience for you.

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Picture Source

pink and yellow flowers with yellow leaves
Download this free HD photo of shanghai, china, flower and sakura in Shanghai, China by Iewek Gnos (@imkirk)

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