26.4 C
星期六, 15 6 月, 2024

Chronicles of Huayang 华阳国志 – Top 100 Books in China

Listen to this article

The oldest extant gazetteer of a region of China.


Chinese Name: 华阳国志

English Name: Huayang Guo Zhi, Chronicles of Huayang, Annals of Huayang Country

Other Names: Huayang Guo Ji 华阳国记

Author: Chang Qu 常璩

Originally Published: the Eastern Jin Dynasty东晋时期

Genre: History, Geography

Brief Introduction of the Chronicles of Huayang

The Chronicles of Huayang华阳国志 is a work written by Chang Qu常璩 in the Eastern Jin Dynasty from 348 to 354. It specifically describes the local history, geography and figures of ancient Southwest China.


The Chronicles of Huayang state has 12 volumes, about 110000 words. The whole book consists of three parts:

Volumes 1 to 4 mainly record the history and geography of Ba巴, Shu蜀, Hanzhong汉中 and Nanzhong南中 counties, which also records the political history, national history and military history of this region, but mainly geography;

Volumes five to nine chronicle the history of the four separatist regimes of Gongsun Shu公孙述, Liu Yan刘焉, Liu Zhang刘璋 , Liu Bei刘备, Liu Shan刘禅 , and Li Shi李氏, as well as the unification period of the Western Jin Dynasty; From the Western Han Dynasty to the early Eastern Jin Dynasty,

Volumes 10 to 12 recorded the “virtuous men and women” in Liang梁, Yi益 and Ning宁 prefectures.


Since its completion, the Chronicles of Huayang has been highly praised and respected by scholars of all dynasties. Contemporary people regard the Chronicles of Huayang as important historical materials in their research on the ancient Southwest. In particular, writing the historical records of Sichuan, Chongqing, Yunnan, Guizhou and other places is inseparable from the Chronicles of Huayang.

This book describes the historical facts of Shu Han in more detail than the Records of the Three Kingdoms三国志.


Author of the Chronicles of Huayang

Chang Qu常璩 (about 291-361), a historian of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, was born in Jiangyuan, Shujun (now Chongzhou, Chengdu, Sichuan).

Chang Qu常璩
Chang Qu常璩

In the late Western Jin Dynasty, Chang Qu was born in Shu. The Chang family is a large local family, Most of the people in Chang family study arts, are good at writing and writing articles.


Since he became an adult, studious Chang Yu has studied diligently, asked others for advice, and asked returning refugees about their geographical conditions and experiences when they were exiled. He has rich records and stories.

After his old age, he had no intention to continue to be an official. He focused on history, searched for various historical materials, and wrote the Chronicles of Huayang.

Excerpts from the Chronicles of Huayang





Rate this post



Han Feizi (Book) 韩非子...

The master of Legalist theory Overview Chinese Name: 韩非子 English Name: Han...

Xunzi (Book) 荀子 –...

A summary of the thoughts of various schools of...

Zhuangzi (Book) 庄子 –...

Philosophy of literature, literature of Philosophy Overview Chinese Name:庄子 English Name: Zhuangzi Other...

Mencius (Book) 孟子 –...

One of the four Confucian books Overview Chinese Name: 孟子 English Name:...

Mozi (Book) 墨子 –...

The philosophical Bible of ancient labourers Overview Chinese Name:墨子 English Name: Mozi,...

Analects 论语 – Top...

The origin of Confucian culture Overview Chinese Name:论语 English Name: Analects, Analects...

Ouyang Wenzhong Gong Sets 欧阳文忠公集 – Top 100 Books in China

The foundation works of the literary world in the Northern Song Dynasty in China Overview Chinese Name: 欧阳文忠公集 English Name: Ouyang Wenzhong Gong Sets Author: Ouyang Xiu 欧阳修,Zhou Bida...

A New Account of the Tales of the World 世说新语 – Top 100 Books in China

It is the representative work of recording characters’ words and deeds and anecdotes in the Northern and Southern Dynasties Overview Chinese Name: 世说新语 English Name: A New...

Taiping Guangji 太平广记 – Top 100 Books in China

The longest existing collection of classical novels in China Overview Chinese Name: 太平广记 English Name: Taiping Guangji Other Name: Extensive Records of the Taiping Era, Extensive Records of...

Tang Cai Zi Zhuan 唐才子传 – Top 100 Books in China

Commentaries on the poets of Tang and The Five Dynasties Overview Chinese Name: 唐才子传 English Name: Tang Cai Zi Zhuan Author: Xin Wenfang 辛文房 Originally Published: AD 1271-1368 (Yuan...

The Peony Pavilion 牡丹亭 – Top 100 Books in China

A romantic masterpiece in Chinese opera history Overview Chinese Name: 牡丹亭 English Name: The Peony Pavilion Other Name: The Return of Soul at the Peony Pavilion 牡丹亭还魂记 Author: Tang Xianzu...

Ri Zhi Lu 日知录 – Top 100 Books in China

The cornerstone of China’s modern ideological enlightenment Overview Chinese Name: 日知录 English Name: Ri Zhi Lu, Rizhilu Author: Gu Yanwu 顾炎武 Originally Published: 1670 A.D(Late Ming and Early Qing Dynasty) Genre: Philosophy Brief Introduction of Ri...

San Yan 三言 – Top 100 Books in China

The outstanding representative of Chinese vernacular short stories Overview Chinese Name: 三言 English Name: San Yan Author: Feng Menglong 冯梦龙 Originally Published: In 1368-1644(Ming Dynasty 明朝) Genre: Short story Brief Introduction of...

Records of the Three Kingdoms 三国志 – Top 100 Books in China

One of the highest evaluated “Twenty Four Histories” Overview Chinese Name: 三国志 English Name: Records of the Three Kingdoms, San Guo Zhi Other Names: Guo Zhi国志, Records of...

Su Shi Sets 苏轼集 – Top 100 Books in China

The pinnacle of unrestrained poetry Overview Chinese Name: 苏轼集 English Name: Su Shi Sets, Dongpo Sets Author: Su Shi 苏轼 Originally Published: AD 1047-1279 (Song Dynasty 宋朝) Genre: Literature, Poetry, Ci词 Brief...
Translate »