26.4 C
星期六, 15 6 月, 2024

Zuo Zhuan 左传 – Top 100 Books in China

Listen to this article

Chronicle history books with complete narration


Chinese Name: 左传

English Name: Zuo Zhuan, Tradition of Zuo, The Zuo Tradition, The Commentary of Zuo

Other Names: Zuo Shi Chun Qiu左氏春秋, Chun Qiu Zuo Shi Zhuan春秋左氏传, Zuo Shi左氏, Chun Qiu Nei Zhuan春秋内传

Author: Zuo Qiuming 左丘明 or ?

Originally Published: End of the Spring and Autumn Period

Genre: History

Brief Introduction of Zuo Zhuan

Zuo Zhuan is not only a chronicle history book with complete narration in ancient China, but also a representative of prose works in Pre-Qin Dynasty.

It is one of the important classics of Confucianism and an important study history book for Confucian students. Together with Gongyang Zhuan公羊传 and Guliang Zhuan谷梁传, they wear called “Three Zhuan of Spring and Autumn Period春秋三传”.

In essence, Zuo Zhuan is an independent historical literary work. It began in 722 BC and ended in 468 BC. Based on the Spring and Autumn春秋, it explains the outline of the Spring and Autumn春秋 by describing the specific historical facts of the spring and Autumn Period.


Zuo Zhuan represents the highest achievement of Pre-Qin historiography. It is an important document to study Pre-Qin history and spring and autumn history. It has a great impact on later historiography, especially on establishing the status of chronicle history books. Moreover, because it has a strong tendency of Confucianism, emphasizes hierarchical order and patriarchal ethics, pays attention to the distinction between the elderly and the young, and also shows the thought of “people-oriented民本”, it is also an important historical material for the study of Pre-Qin Confucianism.

Zuo Zhuan mainly records the decline of the Zhou royal family and the history of princes striving for hegemony, and describes and comments on all kinds of etiquette norms, rules and regulations, social customs, ethnic relations, moral concepts, astronomy and geography, calendar and seasons, ancient documents, myths and legends, and ballads.

Zuo Zhuan is not only a historical work, but also a very excellent literary work. It is good at describing wars, good at depicting characters and paying attention to recording words.


Author of Zuo Zhuan

Zuo Zhuan is said to have been written by Zuo Qiuming左丘明, a historian at the end of the Spring and Autumn Period. Sima Qian司马迁, Ban Gu班固 and others believe that Zuo Qiuming wrote Zuo Zhuan.

Zhao Kuang赵匡 of the Tang Dynasty first suspected that Zuo Qiuming did not write Zuo Zhuan. Since then, many scholars have also been skeptical. Many people believe that Zuo’s, who wrote Zuo Zhuan, is not Zuo Qiuming.

Ji Yun纪昀 of the Qing Dynasty still believed that Zuo Qiuming wrote the Zuo Zhuan.

Zuo Qiuming左丘明
Zuo Qiuming左丘明

Zuo Qiuming (556-451 BC), a historian, writer, thinker and essayist in the late Spring and Autumn Period.

He once served as a historian of the state of Lu鲁国. In order to analyze the Spring and Autumn Annals, he wrote Zuo Zhuan and Guoyu国语. When he wrote Guoyu, he was blind. The two books recorded many important historical events of the Western Zhou Dynasty and the spring and Autumn Annals, and preserved high-value original materials. Due to the detailed historical materials and vivid writing, it has aroused the interest and discussion of scholars at all times and at home and abroad.

Zuo Zhuan and Guo Yu左传与国语

Zuo Qiuming is the founder of Chinese traditional historiography. The historians regard Zuo Qiuming as the founder of Chinese historiography. Zuo Qiuming’s thought was Confucianism, which more reflected the interests and requirements of the people at that time.


Excerpts of Zuo Zhuan


If you do many bad things, you will kill yourself.


Who is not at fault? It’s great to have a mistake and be able to correct it.


When the country prospered, it was a great blessing for those in power to treat the common people as if they cared for the injured; When the country declined, the rulers treated the common people as insignificant as dirt and grass mustard, which was its curse.


Those in power cannot reward those who are kind to themselves without reason, and cannot punish those who have personal enemies with them.

Evaluation of Ri Zhi Lu

“Zuo Zhuan” is a beautiful article. It describes complex matters rigorously and clearly, and the plot is very tortuous and concise. Zuo Zhuan, even as a literary book, should also be included in the intensive reading

Liang Qichao梁启超

Rate this post



Han Feizi (Book) 韩非子...

The master of Legalist theory Overview Chinese Name: 韩非子 English Name: Han...

Xunzi (Book) 荀子 –...

A summary of the thoughts of various schools of...

Zhuangzi (Book) 庄子 –...

Philosophy of literature, literature of Philosophy Overview Chinese Name:庄子 English Name: Zhuangzi Other...

Mencius (Book) 孟子 –...

One of the four Confucian books Overview Chinese Name: 孟子 English Name:...

Mozi (Book) 墨子 –...

The philosophical Bible of ancient labourers Overview Chinese Name:墨子 English Name: Mozi,...

Analects 论语 – Top...

The origin of Confucian culture Overview Chinese Name:论语 English Name: Analects, Analects...

Romance of the Western Chamber 西厢记 – Top 100 Books in China

A masterpiece of realism in Chinese Classical Drama Overview Chinese Name: 西厢记 English Name: Romance of the Western Chamber Other Name: The Story of the Western Wing, The...

Guo Yu (Book) 国语 – Top 100 Books in China

China’s first history book written with the state as the narrative unit Overview Chinese Name: 国语 English Name: Guo Yu, Guoyu, Discourses of the States Other Names: Chun...

LvShi ChunQiu 吕氏春秋 – Top 100 Books in China

Compatible with hundreds of miscellaneous classic books Overview Chinese Name: 吕氏春秋 English Name: LvShi ChunQiu, Master Lü’s Spring and Autumn Annals, Lüshi Chunqiu Other Names: Lv Lan吕览 Author: Lü...

The Travels of Lao Can 老残游记 – Top 100 Books in China

The outstanding representative of the late Qing Dynasty condemnatory novel Overview Chinese Name: 老残游记 English Name: The Travels of Lao Can Other Name: Lao Can’s Travels Author: Liu E 刘鹗 Originally Published:...

The Peony Pavilion 牡丹亭 – Top 100 Books in China

A romantic masterpiece in Chinese opera history Overview Chinese Name: 牡丹亭 English Name: The Peony Pavilion Other Name: The Return of Soul at the Peony Pavilion 牡丹亭还魂记 Author: Tang Xianzu...

Book of Documents 尚书 – Top 100 Books in China

The earliest extant collection of Chinese prose Overview Chinese Name: 尚书 English Name: Book of Documents, The Book of History, Shangshu Other Name: Books, Ancient Books Author: Anonymous 佚名, Compiled by Confucius...

Book of the Later Han/Hou Han Shu后汉书 – Top 100 Books in China

Biographical historical works focusing on the history of the Eastern Han Dynasty Overview Chinese Name: 后汉书 English Name: Hou Han Shu, Book of the Later Han, History...

Li Taibai Sets 李太白集 – Top 100 Books in China

A Sets of poems that pushed romanticism to the extreme in China Overview Chinese Name: 李太白集 English Name: Li Taibai Sets Author: Li Bai 李白 Originally Published: 618 to 907...

Retreating Figure 背影 – Top 100 Books in China

It is the most profound language in heaven and earth. Overview Chinese Name: 背影 English Name: Retreating Figure; Beiying Author: Zhu Ziqing 朱自清 Originally Published: 1928 Genre: Literature, Prose Brief Introduction of...
Translate »