亲知 – Chinese philosophy and culture

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qīnzhī 亲知

Knowledge from Personal Experience

亲身获得的知识。“亲知”是墨家提出的一种知识类别,同时也标志着一种认知方式。墨家认为,知识的获取有三种方式,即“亲知”“闻知”“说知”。“亲知”指通过亲身的观察和经历而认知事物,是一种直接的认知方式。

Knowledge from personal experience is a type of knowledge and a way of acquiring it proposed by the Mohist School. In their opinion, knowledge is gained in three ways: by personal experience, by hearsay, and by explanation. To learn from personal experience means learning by examining or getting involved with things. It is a direct way of gaining knowledge.

引例 Citations:

◎知,闻、说、亲。(《墨子·经上》)

(知,分为闻知、说知、亲知。)

Knowing comes from hearsay, explanation, or personal experience. (Mozi)

◎身观焉,亲也。(《墨子·经说上》)

(亲身观察经历而知,就是“亲知”。)

Observing something oneself is knowing by personal experience. (Mozi)

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