Listen to Both Sides
It means to listen to diverse points of view. Before making decisions, leaders must listen to all kinds of opinions and synthesize them so as to extract the most sensible arguments. That is deemed a basic characteristic of a wise and worthy leader. To do so, a leader must be fair, impartial, and open-minded. Only in this way can the parties concerned speak their minds and make rational suggestions, which, in turn, will enable a leader to benefit from various ideas, weigh the trade-offs, make correct decisions, and ensure their successful implementation.
Listen to both sides and it will make one wise and well-informed, thus ensuring a broad support all over the land. (Xunzi)
Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty once asked Wei Zheng, “What behavior will make a king wise or foolish?” Wei Zheng answered, “Listen to all kinds of views will make him wise whereas blindly believing will fool him.” (History as a Mirror)
Rulers should have the virtue of listening to all kinds of opinions and must be doing so with the utmost impartiality. (The History of the Song Dynasty)