Movement and Stillness
The term refers to two fundamental states in the existence of things, namely, movement and stillness. These two kinds of states are antithetic, but they also rely on each other and change into each other. Ancient Chinese had different views about the constant or the intrinsic state of the existence of things. Confucian scholars believed that “movement” was the fundamental state of existence of things, and that all things under heaven and on earth were in perpetual change and motion. Daoist scholars held that concrete things in motion were originally still, and that they would eventually return to stillness. Buddhists maintained that things were inherently all still and that the movements and changes people saw were just illusionary.
There is a fundamental rule governing the movement and stillness of things, which determines if a thing is firm or gentle. (The Book of Changes)
When things stop to move, there is stillness. Fundamental stillness does not correspond to movement in concrete things. (Wang Bi: Annotations on Laozi)
One should explore stillness in every movement. By doing so, he can see that beneath movement there lies constant stillness. ( Seng Zhao: Treatises of Seng Zhao)