形而下 – Chinese philosophy and culture

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xínɡ’érxià 形而下

What Is Under Form / The Physical

有形或已成形质,一般指实际存在的具体事物。“形而下”这一术语出自《周易·系辞上》,与“形而上”相对而言。“形”指形体,“形而下”指在形体出现之后,也即有形者。此有形者被称为“器”。“形而下”的存在以“形而上”为依据。

The term means what has a form or what has a formal substance. It generally indicates existing and concrete things. The term “what is under form” comes from The Book of Changes. It is used as the opposite of “what is above form.” “Form” indicates physical shape. “What is under form” refers to the state after a physical shape has emerged, namely, physical existence. That which has a form is called “an object.” What is under form takes what is above form as the basis of its existence.

引例 Citation:

◎形而上者谓之道,形而下者谓之器。(《周易·系辞上》)

(未成形质者称为“道”,已成形质者称为“器”。)

What is above form is called “Dao,” and what is under form is called “an object.” (The Book of Changes)

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