ɡuānɡ ér bù yào 光而不耀
Bright but Not Dazzling
This term means to be bright without being dazzling. Laozi used the term to describe the influence of those in power on ordinary people. High status, authority and resources enable them to have a great impact on people’s lives, just like a bright light that cannot be avoided. However, Laozi also believed that no person in power should impose his will on the people, whose natural state should be maintained and protected. To be influenced but not harmed is like being surrounded by light but not dazzled by it. The term can be used to describe the way any powerful person should treat others.
The sage is ethical but not hurtful, incorruptible but not disdainful, candid but not offensive, bright but not dazzling. (Laozi)