xínɡ jù shén shēnɡ 形具神生
Physical Form Gives Birth to Spirit.
When a person’s physical form has fully developed, he will develop spiritual activity accordingly. Here “form” refers to the physical form of a human being, and “spiritual” refers to various mental activities, including emotions and consciousness. Xunzi (313?-238BC) pointed out that a person’s physical form and spirit, just like everything else, develop naturally in the course of the movement of the way of heaven. Spirit is born in the wake of physical formation of a human being. Full physical form is a prerequisite to the birth of spirit. A person’s spirit exists within his physical form.
When the functions of Nature have been established and brought into play, one’s physical form emerges and his spirit is born. Love and hatred, delight and anger as well as grief and joy all develop within one’s physical form; and they are called natural emotions. (Xunzi)