无为 – Chinese philosophy and culture

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wúwéi 无为

Non-action

“为”的一种状态。道家以“有为”与“无为”相对。所谓“有为”,一般是指统治者把自己的意志强加给他人或世界,不尊重或不顺应万物的本性。“无为”的意义与之相反,包含三个要点:其一,权力通过自我节制的方式遏制自己的干涉欲望;其二,顺应万物或百姓的本性;其三,发挥万物或者百姓的自主性。“无为”并不是不作为,而是更智慧的作为方式,通过无为来达到无不为的结果。

Wuwei (non-action) refers to a state of action. Daoism contrasts “action” to “non-action.” “Action” generally means that the rulers impose their will on others or the world without showing any respect for or following the intrinsic nature of things. “Non-action” is the opposite of “action,” and has three main points: 1) through self-control containing the desire to interfere; 2) following the nature of all things and the people; and 3) bringing into play the initiative of all things and people. “Non-action” does not mean not doing anything, but is a wiser way of doing things. Non-action leads to the result of getting everything done.

引例 Citations:

◎圣人处无为之事,行不言之教。(《老子·二章》)

(圣人以无为的方式处理世事,以不言的方式教导百姓。)

Sages deal with things through non-action and teach ordinary people through non-speech. (Laozi)

◎道常无为而无不为。(《老子·三十七章》)

(道总是对万物不加干涉而成就万物。)

Dao always makes all things possible through non-interference with them. (Laozi)

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