沉郁 – Chinese philosophy and culture

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chényù 沉郁

Melancholy

指诗歌作品中所表现出的情志含蓄深沉、意蕴丰富深厚的艺术风格。以杜甫为代表的古代诗人,关注国家大事,忧心民生艰难,苦思国家兴衰存亡之理而难通,求索安邦济民之策而不得,反映在作品中就表现为情志含蓄深沉、思想丰富深厚。其作品常常一唱三叹,结构、节奏、音调等抑扬起伏,给予读者以特有的“顿挫”美感,读后产生回味无穷的感受。

Melancholy refers to an artistic style in poetic works in which sentiment expressed is subtle and the message is profound. Ancient Chinese poets represented by Du Fu, keenly concerned about state affairs and people’s hardships, tried hard to understand what caused the rise and fall of a nation and sought ways to save the country and the people, but all to no avail. Such frustration and disappointment are thus reflected in their poems. With meticulously crafted structure, rhythm, and tones, their works give readers a special aesthetic appreciation of melody and infinite afterthought.

引例 Citation:

◎所谓沉郁者,意在笔先,神余言外。(陈廷焯《白雨斋词话》卷一)

(所谓“沉郁”,是指动笔前已有长时间的思想感情积蓄,因而文章有着语言所不能穷尽的精神蕴含。)

Melancholy means that as a writer has given so much thought to the theme before writing, his work, once completed, contains profound sentiments beyond description. (Chen Tingzhuo: Remarks on Lyrics from White Rain Studio)

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