Melancholy refers to an artistic style in poetic works in which sentiment expressed is subtle and the message is profound. Ancient Chinese poets represented by Du Fu, keenly concerned about state affairs and people’s hardships, tried hard to understand what caused the rise and fall of a nation and sought ways to save the country and the people, but all to no avail. Such frustration and disappointment are thus reflected in their poems. With meticulously crafted structure, rhythm, and tones, their works give readers a special aesthetic appreciation of melody and infinite afterthought.
Melancholy means that as a writer has given so much thought to the theme before writing, his work, once completed, contains profound sentiments beyond description. (Chen Tingzhuo: Remarks on Lyrics from White Rain Studio)