26.4 C
China
星期六, 15 6 月, 2024
spot_img

Xunzi (Book) 荀子 – Top 100 Books in China

Listen to this article

A summary of the thoughts of various schools of thought

Overview

Chinese Name: 荀子

English Name: Xunzi

Author: Xunzi(Xun Kuang荀况) and his disciples

Originally Published: Warring States Period战国时期

Genre: Philosophy

Brief Introduction of Xunzi

Xunzi is a philosophical work compiled or recorded by Xunzi and his disciples during the Warring States period.

Xunzi has 32 chapters in total, and its viewpoint is consistent with Xunzi’s consistent proposition.Except for a few chapters, most of them were written by himself. His articles are good at reasoning, well-organized, penetrating analysis and analogy. He often uses parallelism sentences to enhance the momentum of discussion. His language is rich in police training, and has strong persuasion and appeal.

 

Xunzi is a master of Confucianism. He developed Confucianism while absorbing Legalists. He respected the king and sought hegemony; Advocating propriety and righteousness, and stressing the rule of law; While “law precedes the king”, it also advocates “law precedes the king”. Mencius created the theory of good nature性善论, emphasizing the cultivation of nature; Xunzi’s theory of subjective evil nature性恶论, All these show that he is different from legitimate Confucianism. He also put forward some simple materialist views, such as man can conquer nature, oppose fatalism, and everything runs and changes according to the laws of nature.

Xunzi-荀子

The book Xunzi reflects Xunzi’s three major ideas:

1, Theory of evil nature性恶论

Xunzi believes that the natural character of human beings is evil, and the good character comes from later hard study, not innate.

2, Theory of heaven and man天人论

Xunzi believes that the law of nature exists objectively. It is independent of personnel and does not transfer the quality of personnel or politics. However, people can give full play to their subjective initiative, strengthen the foundation and save use, maintain health, resist natural disasters and govern the country.

3, Social morality社会道德观

Another important ideological proposition of Xunzi is to emphasize law, people can group, and rule by level,
Among them, paying attention to etiquette is the most prominent. Xunzi believed that the evil of human nature needed to be restricted by etiquette, righteousness and law.

 

Author of Xunzi

The authors of the book “Xunzi” were Xunzi and his disciples.

Xunzi (about 313 B.C. – 238 B.C.), also name Xun Quang荀况 or Xun Qing荀卿. He is a famous thinker, philosopher, educator, representative man of Confucianism, and a master of a hundred schools of thought in the pre-Qin era.

 

Xunzi-Xun-Kuang-荀子-荀况
Xunzi/Xun-Kuang/荀子/荀况

Xunzi’s profound knowledge, on the basis of inheriting the early Confucianism, absorbed the strengths of various schools, integrated and transformed them, established his own ideological system and developed the tradition of ancient materialism.

He attaches great importance to the status and role of teachers in teaching. He believes that if the country wants to prosper, it must value teachers. At the same time, he puts forward strict requirements for teachers. He believes that students can’t practice if teachers don’t set an example for students.

Meng Tian, Li Si and Han Fei are all Xunzi’s disciples.

Excerpts of Xunzi

不积跬步,无以至千里;不积小流,无以成江海 。

There is no way to reach a thousand miles without accumulating a step-by-step journey; Without accumulating small water, there is no way to merge into rivers and seas.

学不可以已。青、取之于蓝,而青于蓝;

冰、水为之,而寒于水。

Learning cannot be stopped. Indigo is extracted from bluegrass, but it is darker than bluegrass; Ice is made of water, but it is colder than water.

天下皆知美之为美,斯恶已;皆知善之为善,斯不善已。

People all over the world know how to be beautiful, so there is ugliness; We all know what is good, so there is bad.

天行有常,不以尧存,不以桀亡。

应之以治则吉,应之以乱则凶。

The law of nature is eternal. It does not exist or perish because of anyone. It is auspicious to adapt to it with stable measures, and it is dangerous to deal with it with chaotic measures.

Evaluation of Xunzi

After Mencius, Confucianism had no outstanding scholars. Until Xunzi appeared, Confucianism added a new talent.

Feng Youlan冯友兰

Those who study Xunzi’s theory should pay attention to the relationship between Xunzi and various theories of the same era.

Hu Shih胡适

Rate this post

Advertisement

spot_img

Han Feizi (Book) 韩非子...

The master of Legalist theory Overview Chinese Name: 韩非子 English Name: Han...

Zhuangzi (Book) 庄子 –...

Philosophy of literature, literature of Philosophy Overview Chinese Name:庄子 English Name: Zhuangzi Other...

Mencius (Book) 孟子 –...

One of the four Confucian books Overview Chinese Name: 孟子 English Name:...

Mozi (Book) 墨子 –...

The philosophical Bible of ancient labourers Overview Chinese Name:墨子 English Name: Mozi,...

Analects 论语 – Top...

The origin of Confucian culture Overview Chinese Name:论语 English Name: Analects, Analects...

Tao Te Ching 道德经...

An important source of Taoist Philosophy Overview Chinese Name:道德经 English Name: Tao...

Du Gongbu Sets 杜工部集 – Top 100 Books in China

The peak of realism in Chinese classical poetry in China Overview Chinese Name: 杜工部集 English Name: Du Gongbu Sets Author: Du Fu 杜甫 Originally Published: Between 712 and 770 AD...

Anthology of Yuefu Poetry 乐府诗集 – Top 100 Books in China

The earliest and most complete collection of Yuefu poems extant in China Overview Chinese Name: 乐府诗集 English Name: Anthology of Yuefu Poetry Author: Guo Mao Qian 郭茂倩 Originally Published: AD...

Shu Yu Ci 漱玉词 – Top 100 Books in China

Graceful style and the best works commensurate with the talent of the poetess Overview Chinese Name: 漱玉词 English Name: Shu Yu Ci Author: Li Qingzhao 李清照 Originally Published: AD 1084—1155...

Long and Short Sentences of Jiaxuan 稼轩长短句 – Top 100 Books in China

Heroic and delicate, Ci for the champion of the Song Dynasty Overview Chinese Name: 稼轩长短句 English Name: Long and Short Sentences of Jiaxuan, Jiaxuan’s Ci 稼轩词 Author: Xin Qiji...

Records of the Three Kingdoms 三国志 – Top 100 Books in China

One of the highest evaluated “Twenty Four Histories” Overview Chinese Name: 三国志 English Name: Records of the Three Kingdoms, San Guo Zhi Other Names: Guo Zhi国志, Records of...

Chronicles of Huayang 华阳国志 – Top 100 Books in China

The oldest extant gazetteer of a region of China. Overview Chinese Name: 华阳国志 English Name: Huayang Guo Zhi, Chronicles of Huayang, Annals of Huayang Country Other Names: Huayang...

Ouyang Wenzhong Gong Sets 欧阳文忠公集 – Top 100 Books in China

The foundation works of the literary world in the Northern Song Dynasty in China Overview Chinese Name: 欧阳文忠公集 English Name: Ouyang Wenzhong Gong Sets Author: Ouyang Xiu 欧阳修,Zhou Bida...

San Yan 三言 – Top 100 Books in China

The outstanding representative of Chinese vernacular short stories Overview Chinese Name: 三言 English Name: San Yan Author: Feng Menglong 冯梦龙 Originally Published: In 1368-1644(Ming Dynasty 明朝) Genre: Short story Brief Introduction of...

Mencius (Book) 孟子 – Top 100 Books in China

One of the four Confucian books Overview Chinese Name: 孟子 English Name: Mencius, Meng Zi Author: Mencius, Mencius’s disciples and their disciples Originally Published: 250BC-150 BC Genre: Philosophy Brief Introduction of...
Translate »