25.8 C
星期四, 18 4 月, 2024
HomeThe Analects of Confucius《论语·第二十章》尧曰篇 - The Analects of Confucius

《论语·第二十章》尧曰篇 – The Analects of Confucius

Listen to this article



Yao said to Shun who succeeded him as emperor,“Oh, Shun! Heaven lays the divine duty on you. You should follow the right way without deviation. If the people in the world suffer poverty and misery, Heaven would no longer bestow favor on you.” Shun said the same thing to Yu who succeeded him as emperor. Tang who founded the Yin dynasty said, “I, your humble servant, venture to sacrifice a black ox and declare to my Supreme Sovereign in Heaven that I dare not pardon any sinner nor conceal any guilt of my ministers which is of course clear in your mind. If I myself am guilty, do not lay blame on my people. If my people have done wrong, you may lay blame on me.” Zhou had ennobled its lords and enriched its good men. King Wu of Zhou said“I have bestowed favor on my kinsmen, but less than on good men. If my people are guilty, lay blame on me alone!”When attention was paid to weights and measures, statute and laws were reviewed and disused offices were restored, the government would go on the right way. When fallen states were re-established, descendants of extinguished families were found out, and unemployed good people were employed, the heart of the people would turn to the government. Emphasis should be laid on people, food, mourning and sacrifice. Lenience will win the people, faithfulness will win trust, diligence will win success, and justice will win happiness for the people.


Zi Zhang asked Confucius,“How could a man become a good ruler?” The Master said, “A man good in five aspects and free from four evils may become a good ruler.” Zi Zhang asked, “May I know in which five aspects?” The Master said, “An intelligentleman should do good without waste, make people work without complaint, have desire without greed, uphold justice without pride and inspire respect without awe.” Zi Zhang asked, “How could a man do good without waste?” The Master said, “If a ruler only does what will profit the people, is it not doing good without waste? If he orders people to do what they can, how could they complain? If he desires only to do good, how could he become greedy? If he treats all equally, whether there are many people or few, in great matter or small, is it not justice without pride? If he adjusts his clothes and hat and looks dignified, would he not inspire respect without awe?” Zi Zhang asked, “May I ask about the four evils?” The Master said, “To put people to death without reason is called tyranny. To expect success without due warning is called exaction. To demand timely completion without giving timely orders is called irresponsibility. To reward people in a stingy way is called miserliness.”



Confucius said,“One who does not understand the divine law cannot be called an intelligentleman. One who does not understand the social order cannot stand in society. One who does not understand what words imply cannot understand men.”

Rate this post
Create International Study Opportunities For All Youth


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

- Advertisment -

Most Popular

Random University

Flag Counter

Recent Comments

Translate »