26.4 C
星期六, 15 6 月, 2024
HomeTang Poetry and Chinese Calligraphy吴昌硕 篆书:李白《越中览古》

吴昌硕 篆书:李白《越中览古》

Listen to this article

吴昌硕 篆书:李白《越中览古》









刘艺 草书:李白《越中览古》


【Simple Translation】

  This is a nostalgic piece, written when the poet visited Yuezhong (Yuezhou in the Tang Dynasty, with its capital in present-day Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province). During the Spring and Autumn Period, Wu and Yue were feuding in the south and became enemies. King Goujian of Yue was defeated by King Fucha of Wu in 494 B.C. He returned to his home country and vowed to take revenge.

  In 473 B.C., he did destroy the state of Wu. The poem is about this incident.

  The first stanza states the meaning of the title and the specific content of the monument. The second and third lines are about the return of the warriors to their homes and Goujian to his palace. The warriors returned home in triumph after destroying the enemy and clearing their shame; since the battle was over and everyone was rewarded, they wore brocade clothes instead of iron armor. The words “all in brocade clothes” express the joy and pride of the victorious king of Yue and his warriors. After the king returned to his country, he was full of ambition and even desolation and pleasure, and the palace was filled with beautiful women like flowers, who surrounded him and waited on him. The word “spring” in the phrase “spring palace” should be “like flowers” to describe the beautiful time and scenery, not specifically the spring. This alone shows that the King of Yue had left behind the past of lying in wait. The capital is filled with warriors in brocade and the palace is filled with flowery palace maids. However, the ending line suddenly turns to the fact that the victory, power, wealth and glory that once existed in the past are now only a few partridges flying around the former site of the king’s city. This line is about the change of personnel and the impermanence of prosperity and decline, and is expressed in a lament. The rulers all hoped that their wealth and glory would be the property of their descendants for many generations, but the poem truthfully points out the disillusionment of such hopes.

  The poem is not a historical novel, and the stanza is different from a long ancient poem, so the poet can only choose a part of this historical event that he feels most deeply to write. He chose not one part of the long struggle, but two scenes after the defeat of Wu and the victory of Yue and the return of the king to his country. The poem contrasts the prosperity of the past with the desolation of today through specific scenes. The effect of the rewards can often be greatly enhanced. Therefore, the bleakness is depicted through a lively scene, which makes the bleakness even more lamentable. The contrast between the former prosperity written in the front of the poem and the present desolation written in the back is extremely strong, and the more vigorously written in the front, the more powerfully it will be turned in the back. In order to fully express the theme, the poet has made a different arrangement of the artistic structure of this poem than the usual seven stanzas. The first three lines of this poem go straight down in a single breath, and it is not until the fourth line that the poet suddenly turns to the opposite side, which makes the poem extraordinarily powerful and brilliant. The poem is written in such a way that it would be difficult for a poet with a strong pen to write it with ease.

Rate this post
- Advertisment -

Most Popular

Random University

Flag Counter

Recent Comments

Translate »