The Taikang Literary Style
This term refers to a poetic style popular for about 30 years from the early to mid-Western Jin Dynasty, particularly in the Taikang era (280–289) during the reign of Emperor Wu. Among the poets of this tradition were Zuo Si, Pan Yue, and Lu Ji. Taikang poets focused excessively on the use of rhetorical description, verbal parallelism, and refined poetic techniques, representing an abrupt departure from the Jian’an poetry with its passion, boldness, and vitality. Standing out among the Taikang poets was Zuo Si, who used plain language, but whose works had substance and were imbued with passion and strength.
In the Taikang era of the Western Jin Dynasty, scholars including Zhang Zai, Zhang Xie, Zhang Kang, Lu Ji, Lu Yun, Pan Yue, Pan Ni, and Zuo Si revived the literary legacy of the Jian’an period by following the footsteps of the masters of that period. It signalled the continuation and beauty of the Jian’an style and a resurgence of poetry writing. (Zhong Rong: The Critique of Poetry)