jìng yīn zhī dào 静因之道
Governance by Being Aloof
This term, first mentioned in Guanzi, refers to being aloof in exercising governance. It is regarded as representing the doctrines of the Yellow Emperor and Laozi. This school of thought built on Laozi’s concept of non-action and held that a ruler should avoid using political power to interfere with the people’s daily life. Rather, he should be aloof so that the people would follow their own ways and practices and live and work in a natural way.
Therefore, a ruler who practices the Way (Dao), when being by himself, seems without knowledge. And he adapts to things which follow their natural course of development. This is called being aloof in governance. (Guanzi)