Chen Zi’ang Poem: On the Tower at Youzhou – 陈子昂《登幽州台歌》

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Chen Zi’ang – 陈子昂

登幽州台歌

陈子昂

前不见古人,

后不见来者。

念天地之悠悠,

独怆然[1]而涕[2]下。

注释:

[1] 怆(chuànɡ)然:凄伤的样子。

[2] 涕:泪。

On the Tower at Youzhou

Chen Zi’ang

Where are the great men of the past

And where are those of future years?

The sky and earth forever last;

Here and now I alone shed tears.

The poet sighs for he has not done great deeds as the great men of yore.

《登幽州台歌》是唐代诗人陈子昂的诗作。此诗通过描写登楼远眺,凭今吊古所引起的无限感慨,抒发了诗人抑郁已久的悲愤之情,深刻地揭示了封建社会中那些怀才不遇的知识分子遭受压抑的境遇,表达了他们在理想破灭时孤寂郁闷的心情,具有深刻的典型社会意义。全诗语言苍劲奔放,富有感染力,结构紧凑连贯,又留有充分的空间:前二句俯仰古今,写出时间漫长;第三句登楼眺望,写出空间辽阔;在广阔无垠的时空背景中,第四句描绘了诗人孤独寂寞苦闷的情绪,两相映照,分外动人,读来酣畅淋漓又余音缭绕。多个版本的语文教科书选录了此诗。

The poem “On the Tower at Youzhou” is a poem written by Chen Ziang, a poet of the Tang Dynasty. The poem expresses the poet’s long-standing depression and anger by describing the infinite emotions caused by climbing up the tower and looking down on the past, and profoundly reveals the suppressed situation of those intellectuals who were not successful in feudal society, and expresses their lonely and depressed feelings when their ideals were destroyed. The poem’s language is vigorous and infectious, and its structure is compact and coherent while leaving ample space: the first two stanzas look down on the past and the present to illustrate the long period of time; the third stanza climbs up the tower and looks out to describe the vast space; in the background of the vast space and time, the fourth stanza depicts the poet’s loneliness and bitterness, and the two reflect each other, which is very moving. This poem has been selected for inclusion in several language textbooks.

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