Congratulations to the Bridegroom
· Seeing Hu Quan off to Xin Zhou
Haunted by dreams of the lost Central Plain,
I hear the autumn wind complain.
From tent to tent horns dreary blow;
In ancient palace weeds o’ergrow.
How could Mount Pillar suddenly fall down
And Yellow River overflow the town,
A thousand villages overrun with foxes and hares?
We can’t question the heaven high;
The court will soon forget humiliating affairs.
‘Tis sad and drear
To say good-bye
At Southern River.
Cold breath of river willows flies away
The remnant heat of summer day.
The Milky Way slants low;
Past pale moon and sparse stars clouds slowly go.
Mountains and rivers stretch out of view.
O where shall I find you?
I still remember our talking at dead
Of night while we two lay in bed.
But now wild geese can’t go so far.
Who will send my letters where you are?
I gaze on azure sky,
Thinking of the hard times gone by.
Can we have but personal love or hate
As beardless young men often state?
Hold up a cup of wine
And hear this song of mine!
The poet writes this farewell poem for Hu Quan banished to a southernmost place for his proposal against the capitulationist policy.
“Congratulations to the Bridegroom · Seeing Hu Quan off to Xin Zhou” is a work by Zhang Yuangan, a lyricist of the Song Dynasty. The upper part of the poem is about current events. The first layer is the four lines of “Dreaming of the Road to God’s Country”, which describe the tragic situation of the fall of the Central Plains; the second layer is the three lines of “The bottom of the matter is that Kunlun has fallen into the pillar”, which question the root cause of the tragedy; the third layer is the lines of “Heaven’s will has never been high enough to ask “The third layer is “Sending you away”, which is a lament on current events and a point of farewell. The next piece recounts the farewell feelings. The first layer is from “The willows on the cool shore are overwhelmed by the summer heat” to “The broken clouds are slightly overwhelmed”, which describes the scenery at the time of farewell; the second layer is from “Where do we know the rivers and mountains for 10,000 miles” to “Who will write the book? “The second layer is to envisage the mood after the farewell; the third layer is to dispel the sorrow and send off the feeling of farewell from the end to the end. The lyrics are impassioned, mournful and melancholic, with twists and turns in expression.