屈宋 – Chinese philosophy and culture

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Qū Sòng 屈宋

The Qu-Song Duo

战国时期楚国诗人屈原(前340?—前278)和宋玉。屈原是“楚辞文学”的开创者和伟大的浪漫主义诗人,代表作有《离骚》等。宋玉相传是屈原的学生,是屈原之后楚国著名的辞赋作家,代表作有《九辨》等,后世因以“屈宋”合称,但是宋玉名望和成就远不如屈原。

Qu and Song here refer respectively to Qu Yuan (340?-278 BC) and Song Yu, both being poets of the State of Chu of the Warring States Period. The former was the pioneer of Chuci (The Odes of Chu or The Songs of the South) poetry and a great romantic poet. His most representative work was titled Li Sao. The latter, said to be Qu’s student, excelled in the writing of Chu-style ci and fu poetry after Qu passed away, his representative work being “Jiu Bian” (“The Nine Stanzas or The Nine Changes”). Later generations referred to the two as Qu-Song, though Song Yu’s literary attainments were far inferior to those of Qu Yuan.

引例 Citation:

◎自《九怀》以下,遽蹑其迹;而屈宋逸步,莫之能追。(刘勰《文心雕龙·辨骚》)

(《楚辞》中自王褒《九怀》以下各篇,匆忙地紧追屈原、宋玉的脚步,但屈、宋超逸的境界没有哪一篇能够达到。)

All the verses following Wang Bao’s “Jiu Huai” (“Nine Stanzas of Fond Reminiscence”) in Chuci poetry follow closely in Qu Yuan and Song Yu’s footsteps, but none reached their levels of excellence. (Liu Xie: The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragons)

◎相如好书,师范屈宋,洞入夸艳,致名辞宗。(刘勰《文心雕龙·才略》)

(司马相如爱好读书,学习屈原、宋玉的作品,文辞夸张艳丽,赢得了辞赋宗师的称号。)

Sima Xiangru was a book-lover. He took Qu Yuan and Song Yu’s works as his models and made his own poetry glowingly beautiful. He thus became honored as a great master of ci and fu poetry. (Liu Xie: The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragons)

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