Du Fu Poems: A Lonely Swan – 杜甫《孤雁》

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孤雁

孤雁不饮啄[1],

飞鸣声念群。

谁怜一片影,

相失万重云[2]?

望尽[3]似犹见,

哀多如更闻。

野鸦无意绪,

鸣噪[4]自纷纷。

《孤雁》作于公元765年杜甫旅居夔州期间。诗人晚年多病,故交零落,处境艰难,心中充满失意之感和哀伤之情。这首《孤雁》,表达的就是乱离漂泊中孤独之人的痛苦心情。开篇即唤出“孤雁”,不饮,不啄,只是不断追寻,寻找它的同伴。孤雁还有诗人怜惜,形单影只如同孤雁的诗人又有谁来怜惜呢?诗人与孤雁,浑然一体。清人朱鹤龄评注这首诗说:“此托孤雁以念兄弟也”,不只是兄弟,诗人念的还包括了解他懂得他的知音朋友。第三联紧承上联,望断天涯路,仿佛同伴依稀可辨,于是它更要不停地追飞,不停地呼唤了,这两句字字血泪,情深意切,哀痛欲绝。它的心情是那么迫切,而野鸦却全然不懂,“无意绪”是孤雁对着野鸦时的心情,也是杜甫既不能与知己亲朋相见,又要面对着一些俗客庸夫时厌恶无聊的心绪。诗人用诚挚而热烈的感情,书写了忠贞之鸟的赞歌,也是诗人对自己准则的宣扬。

注释:

[1]饮啄:鸟喝水和觅食。

[2]万重云:形容云海茫茫。

[3]望尽:望到天尽头。

[4]鸣噪:野鸦啼叫。

A Lonely Swan

A lonely swan cares not for what it drinks

Singing all the way, for the flock it thinks.

Who will pity its lonely shadow far

Away from the flock as cloud from a star?

It still remains in view though lost to sight,

Its sorrow can be heard in its long flight.

Unlike the insensible duck or crow

Making loud noises in weal as in woe.

 

《孤雁》是唐代诗人杜甫所作的一首五律。这是一首咏物诗,体物曲尽其妙,同时又表达的就是乱离漂泊中失群人的痛苦心情。全诗通过对雁孤苦伶仃的描写来象征诗人自己。

” A Lonely Swan” is a poem in five lines written by Du Fu, a poet of the Tang Dynasty. It is an aria poem that expresses the painful feelings of a person who has lost his flock in the chaos and wandering. The whole poem symbolizes the poet himself through the description of the lonely and miserable geese.

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