Wang Bo Poem: Farewell to Prefect Du – 王勃《送杜少府之任蜀州》

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Wang Bo – 王勃

送杜少府[1]之任蜀州[2]

王勃

城阙[3]辅三秦[4]

风烟望五津[5]

与君离别意,

同是宦游人[6]

海内[7]存知己,

天涯若比邻[8]

无为在歧路,

儿女[9]共沾巾。

注释:

[1] 少府:唐人称县令为明府,县尉为少府,与官署名之少府不同。杜少府,其人不详。

[2] 蜀川:一作蜀州,唐代州名,武则天垂拱年间始置之,治所在今四川省崇庆县。

[3] 城阙:指京城长安的城郭宫阙,泛指当时长安附近京畿之地,是送别的地方。

[4] 三秦:今陕西一带,本是秦国旧地,项羽灭秦后,分为雍、塞、翟三国,称为三秦。

[5] 五津:岷江的五个津渡。岷江自灌县到犍为一段有五个渡口,即白华津、万里津、江首津、涉头津、江南津,是杜少府即将赴任的地方,这里泛指蜀地。

[6] 宦游人:为仕宦而远游四方的人。

[7] 海内:四海之内。

[8] 比邻:近邻。古代五家相连为比。《周礼·地官·大司徒》:“令五家为比,使之相保。”唐制,四家为邻。

[9] 儿女:感情脆弱的孩子。《后汉书·来歙传》:“故呼巨卿,欲相属以军事,而反效儿女涕泣乎!”

Farewell to Prefect Du

Wang Bo

You’ll leave the town walled far and wide

For mist-veiled land by riverside.

I feel on parting sad and drear

For both of us are strangers here.

If you have friends who know your heart,

Distance cannot keep you apart.

At crossroads where we bid adieu,

Do not shed tears as women do!

The poet consoles his friend by saying that distance cannot keep bosom friends apart.

《送杜少府之任蜀州》是唐代文学家王勃的诗作。此诗意在慰勉友人勿在离别之时悲哀。首联描画出送别地与友人出发地的形势和风貌,隐含送别的情意,严整对仗;颔联为宽慰之辞,点明离别的必然性,以散调相承,以实转虚,文情跌宕;颈联奇峰突起,高度地概括了“友情深厚,江山难阻”的情景,使友情升华到一种更高的美学境界;尾联点出“送”的主题,而且继续劝勉、叮咛朋友,也是自己情怀的吐露。全诗开合顿挫,气脉流通,意境旷达,堪称送别诗中的不世经典,虽仅仅四十个字,却纵横捭阖,变化无穷,仿佛在一张小小的画幅上,包容着无数的丘壑,有看不尽的风光,至今广泛流传。

The poem “Sending Du Shaofu to Shuzhou” is a poem written by Wang Bo, a writer of the Tang Dynasty. The poem is intended to console friends not to be sad when they leave each other. The first couplet depicts the situation and appearance of the place of farewell and the place of departure of the friend, implying the sentiment of farewell, with a strict and neat counterpoint; the first couplet is a word of consolation, pointing out the inevitability of the farewell, with a loose tone, turning the real into the imaginary, and the literary mood is tumultuous; the neck couplet is a strange peak, highly summarizing the scene of “deep friendship, the rivers and mountains are hard to stop”, elevating the friendship to a higher The final couplet highlights the theme of “sending off” and continues to exhort and exhort friends, as well as revealing one’s own feelings. The poem is a classic of farewell poetry, with only forty words, but it is a longitudinal and varied poem, as if it contains countless gullies on a small canvas, with endless scenery, and is widely circulated today.

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