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Chinese Food – Fujian Cuisine

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Fujian cuisine is one of the eight major cuisines in China. It was formed through the mixing of the Han culture in the Central Plains and the culture of the Fujian and Yue people.

 

Fujian cuisine originated in Fuzhou, based on Fuzhou cuisine, and later fused with the flavors of Fujian East, South Fujian, West Fujian, North Fujian, and Putian.

 

Min cuisine in the narrow sense refers to Fuzhou cuisine, which originated in Min County, Fuzhou, Fujian, and later developed into three schools of Fuzhou, Southern Fujian, and Western Fujian, namely, general Fujian cuisine.

 

As the people of Fujian often travel to and from the sea, the eating habits have gradually formed a unique cuisine with open characteristics. Fujian cuisine is known for its delicious flavors of mountains and seas. On the basis of its excellent color, fragrance, and shape, it is especially good at “fragrance” and “taste”. Its fresh, mellow, meaty, non-greasy style features, and a wide range of soups Features, unique in the cooking altar garden.

Buddha jumps over the wall

Fuzhou cuisine is light and fresh, emphasizes fresh soup, and is good at all kinds of delicacies and seafood; South Fujian cuisine (Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Quanzhou area) pays attention to seasoning and fresh flavor; West Fujian cuisine ( Changting, Ninghua area) is more salty and spicy, The cooking is mostly mountain delicacies, especially mountainous flavor. Therefore, Fujian cuisine has three characteristics, one is better than red lees for seasoning, the other is better than soup, and the third is better than using sweet and sour.

 

In addition to the signature dish “Buddha Jumping over the Wall”, Fujian dishes also include sea ​​mussels in chicken soup, eight-treasure red sturgeon rice, white fried razor clams, Tai Chi mashed taro, thin-sliced ​​snails, stir-fried double crisp, southern fried liver, lychee meat, Drunk ribs, poached shark fin, dragon body anchovy prawns, jade pearl abalone, minced chicken and golden silk bamboo shoots, meaty rice fish lips, Dingbian paste, Fuzhou fish balls, meat yan, Zhangzhou noodles, Putian noodles, fried sea oysters, Shaxian noodles, flat food, Xiamen Shacha noodles, noodle paste, Minnan salted rice, Xinghua rice noodles, Dishes and snacks such as red glutinous fish, Wuliuju, Baixue chicken, and Changting dried tofu have unique flavors.

 

Soup is the essence of Fujian cuisine, and it is said that there are ten changes in soup. According to the textual research of Tanshishan Cultural Site, Fujianese had the tradition of eating seafood and making soup more than 5,000 years ago. Fujian is like spring all year round, and this climate is suitable for soup.

mea balls

 

Cooking ingredients

The origin and development of Fujian cuisine cannot be separated from the local natural resources. Cooking ingredients are the material basis of cooking and the guarantee of cooking quality. Cooking raw materials play a key role in the development of cooking, the production of cooking effects, and the realization of cooking goals.

 

Fujian is located in the southeastern corner of China, surrounded by mountains and the sea, with a mild climate throughout the year, abundant rainfall, and spring all year round. The mountainous area has towering trees, green bamboos, criss-cross streams, and rivers; coastal areas have long coastlines and vast shallow beaches. Geographical conditions, delicacy and rich, Fujian cuisine, provide unique culinary resources. The local hard-working ancestors created, selected, and gathered rich and colorful cooking materials for future generations in their long-life practices.

 

Rice, sugar cane vegetables, melons, and fruits are abundant here, especially longan, lychee, citrus, and other good fruits are famous at home and abroad.

 

Mountain forests and streams are famous for tea, shiitake mushrooms, bamboo shoots, lotus seeds, coix seed rice, as well as delicacies such as muntjac, pheasants, partridges, river eels, stone scales, etc.; coastal areas are rich in seafood such as fish, shrimp, snails, and mussels, All year-round. According to Ming Tu Benjun’s “Minzhong Seafood Record”, there are as many as 257 kinds of Lin and Jie. There are more than 750 kinds of statistics of modern experts. In the “Tongzhi of Fujian” compiled in the Qing Dynasty, there are records of “Tea shoots, mountains and trees are all over the world” and “Fish, salt, mirage, clams, and green Qi”.

 

Fujian not only common cooking materials colorful, but also raw materials widely distributed specialty: Xiamen grouper, Fuzhou of Zhanggang million, Lianjiang abalone, western Fujian to build Ninglian Zi, Liancheng dried sweet potatoes, Shanghang radish, Yongding vegetables Gan, Wuping dried pig gall, Ninghua rat dried, Mingxi dried meat, Changting bean curd, etc., have a wide variety of different flavors, and enjoy a high reputation. These rich specialties provide the Fujian people with unique cooking resources and lay the material foundation for the formation of famous Fujian dishes.

fish-shrimp

The vegetarian dishes in Fujian cuisine also have their own unique features. The vegetarian dishes of Nanputuo Temple under the peak of the “Five Superpowers Lingxiao” in Xiamen strictly abide by the traditional Buddhist rules of eating grains and are good at cooking colorful and flavorful delicacies with vegan raw materials. Take a blessing, and give people beautiful artistic enjoyment. Famous dishes such as “Half Moon Zhenjiang”, “Siyu Guyun”, “Snow Gorge Silver Wave”, “Baibi Qingyun”, “South China Sea Golden Lotus”, “Lotus Paste Crispy” and other famous dishes. The names of the dishes are both appropriate in meaning and objective reflection.

 

The color, aroma, taste, and shape of the dishes. It is no wonder that celebrities, bachelors, poets, and painters are infinitely moved, and they chanted for them. Fujian vegetarian cuisine is well-known at home and abroad, and its fragrance is everywhere, attracting tourists from all over the world.

chicken

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