Fan Chengda Poem: A Peasant’s Family– 范成大《田家》

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田家

范成大[1]

昼出耘田[2]夜绩麻[3],

村庄儿女各当家[4]。

童孙未解[5]供[6]耕织,

也傍[7]桑阴学种瓜。

注释:

[1] 范成大:南宋诗人,与陆游齐名。《千家诗》注说:“耘田,耘去田中之草也。言男子昼出耘田,妇人馈食,至夜无事,犹绩麻以备织布之用。可见村庄之间,男女各执其事,无非勤力以成家也。至于童孙年幼,未能耕织,闲暇之时,傍桑阴之下,学为灌溉而种瓜焉。田家勤朴之风,可想见也。”这是一幅农家生活图。

[2] 耘田:在田间除草耕耘。

[3] 绩麻:把麻搓成线。

[4] 各当家:个人承担一定方面的劳动。

[5] 未解:不知道。

[6] 供:担任,从事。

[7] 傍:依傍,靠着。

A Peasant’s Family

Fan Chengda

Peasants go out to cultivate the fields by day,

And weaving plain cloth by night, their wives indoors stay.

Children don’t know how to help their parents to weed;

Under mulberry tree they learn to sow melon seed.

《田家》是宋代诗人范成大创作的一首七言绝句,这首诗以朴素浅进的语言,热情地赞颂了农村少年儿童热爱劳动的美好品质。

The poem ” A Peasant’s Family” is a seven-line poem written by Fan Chengda, a poet of the Song Dynasty. In simple and shallow language, the poem enthusiastically praises the beautiful qualities of rural children who love working.

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