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HomeLi Yu Poems李煜《长相思·一重山,两重山》- The Lyrics of Li Yu - Chinese Poems - ...

李煜《长相思·一重山,两重山》- The Lyrics of Li Yu – Chinese Poems – (Southern Tang)

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长相思

一重山,两重山,

山远天高烟水寒,

相思枫叶丹。

菊花开,菊花残,

塞雁高飞人未还,

一帘风月闲。

“一重山,两重山”,大有一生二、二生三、三生万物的意思,第三句没有再重复下去,而是一下说千山万水,一直绵延到遥远的天边,而千重山之间,升起了碧水化成的寒烟,高入云霄,仿佛害了相思病似的,想化为天上的云。最后一句点题,说这千山万水隔开了词人和他相思的亲人,一直等到枫叶都变红了,两人还不能相见。同时,红叶还可以象征流血的心,说明相思的痛苦。亲人如果是指后主的弟弟从善,那山水就实指汴京和南唐京城之间的千山万水;如果是指小周后,那山水就只是虚写,等于说咫尺天涯了。

后段从枫叶写到菊花,这既说明时间已是深秋,也暗示词人的心情像耐寒的菊花一样凋零了。而塞外的雁也飞离天寒地冻的北方,回到温暖的南方去了。据说雁是能传书的飞鸟,但“塞雁”并没有带来亲人的信息,只是高高地飞走了,这又增加了词人心情的凄凉。词人借山水烟树、菊雁风月之景,写出了自己相思之情。

Everlasting Longing

Hill upon hill,

Rill upon rill,

They stretch as far as sky and misty water spread;

My longing lasts till maple leaves grow red.

Now chrysanthemums blow;

Now chrysanthemums go.

You are not back with high-flying wild geese;

Only the moonlit screen waves in the breeze

And in moonlight with ease.

 

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Li Yu
Li Yu
Also known as Li Hou Zhu or Li Houzhu. Li YU was the last emperor of the Southern Tang dynasty, deposed in 975. His works focus on the loss of comfort and luxury.
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